Külalisloengud Poola spordiharrastajate sotsialismiaja “metsikutest” staadionitest maakohtades ning holokausti temaatikast Poola kinos 23.-24. mail
Krakowi Jagelloonide ülikooli ajaloo instituudi professor Marta Kurkowska-Budzani kaks külalisloengut etnoloogia osakonnas (Ülikooli 16-212). Kõik kuulajad on oodatud!
Neljapäeval 23. mail kl 16.15 loeng “’Wild stadiums’ in the Polish Countryside in the Socialist Era”
The idea of modern sport was introduced in Polish society by communist authorities in the form of physical education in school curricula. While in the rural eastern parts of the country modern sport facilities had been lacking all along, during and after the Second World War, those modern sports infrastructures that did exist were largely destroyed. Consequently, local authorities tried to create sports grounds in connection with school buildings in every village but the financial resources of the impoverished state only allowed for very basic interventions. Therefore, young people created ‘wild stadiums’ where they could follow their needs of autotelic physical activity for fun and pleasure. These informal spaces that were temporarily used developed incrementally: they ‘grew out of’ the local landscape or developed in contrast to it. As informal spaces located on the margins of everyday life and out of sight of the authorities, these stadia provided young people living in the totalitarian country with autonomy and independence. The ‘official’ sports stadia on the other hand served both sports and ideological purposes, and one would perhaps expect that these stadia in rural areas would be dominant landscape elements, both metaphorically and literally. Yet, despite the fact that these stadia were created by the ruling party they did not enjoy a special, privileged status. As with the ‘wild stadia’, their existence was to the same extent determined by nature and landscape conditions as well as by Polish peasant culture and mentality. Examining various ‘official’ and ‘wild’ playfields created across the Polish countryside during the socialist era I explore issues of agency, conditionality, and materiality as they relate to these specific sport landscapes.
Reedel 24. mail kl 12.15 loeng “Holocaust in Polish cinematography before and after 1989”
Communist regime in Poland succeed partially in producing a peculiar and very selective orientation to the history of World War II, both at the level of official communist historiography and in popular memory maintained and debated in Polish family circles. It resulted in belittling or deleting many issues that did not reappear significantly in public discourse until the late 1980s. The lecture offers an insight into a major dilemmas of Polish collective memory about World War II as represented by pre-1989 cinematography works by Andrzej Brzozowski, Andrzej Wajda, and most recently, Wojtek Smarzowski.
Prof. Marta Kurkowska-Budzan’s areas of expertise are the cultural history of 20th century Poland, memory studies, the methodology of historical research. She held postdoctoral fellowships at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC (2002) and the Remarque Institute, New York University (2001). Among her research projects are Oral Sources Re-visited, Sport in the Polish Peripheries, 1945-1989: Study in Historical Anthropology, National Armed Underground. Memory Discourses. Among her recent publications is the monograph, co-authored with M. Stasiak: “Stadion na peryferiach”, (Universitas 2016).
Lisainfo: Kirsti Jõesalu, etnoloogia teadur, kirsti.joesalu [ät] ut.ee
Prof. Marta Kurkowska-Budzani loengud toimuvad ERASMUS+ õppejõuvahetuse raames.